Guide and Factsheet of Ebola
What is Ebola?
Ebola was named after the river Ebola located in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This was the place where the virus was first detected. Some years later the same stroke spread in Nzara, Sudan.
Unlike the single celled bacteria, that divide themselves to multiply, the virus needs a host to divide and replicate. They catch over the living cells in the body and then forces the cells that have been infected to replicate the virus. Unlike the bacterias that can be combated with the antibiotics, the virus does not hold this true. Ebola is an RNA (Ribonucleic Acid that quickly multiplies in the host giving rise to a very high dose of the pathogen.
The RNA virus spreads severe infections; that may last for a long time and then vanish. The worst part of such virus is they either disappears or kill you.
How is Ebola transmitted?
Ebola is known to be an animal-borne virus. This virus usually breeds and survives in a reservoir. An insect or an animal that is suffering from such virus passes it to the other animals that come into the contact either by the body fluids, organs or secretions. The actual reason and way of entering the Ebola virus into the human body are yet not known, but, studies reveal that the transmission occurs by coming in the direct contact with the host, or by consuming the meat of the infected animals. Once it hits the human body, it can easily be transferred to chapped skin, mucous membrane coming into the blood. When people fall ill, coughing, sneezing, vomiting transmits the infection and the virus to other people. It can even be transmitted by contaminated needles that have been hit by the infection.
What does the Ebola virus do?
The Ebola virus causes a viral fever. This viral fever damages the circulatory system that can lead to hemorrhage and even bleeding. The patients suffering from the virus tends to show the symptoms between two to twenty-one days after getting infected with the virus. The highest rate is somewhere between eight to ten days. The patients might show symptoms like pain, numbness, nausea, headache, weakness, cough, cold, sore throat, vomiting and weakness. The symptoms are so general that it becomes difficult to differentiate it between the other diseases that may include Typhoid, Malaria or Cholera.
As the disease progresses, you may see signs of redness, rashes, breathing disorders and difficulty in swallowing.
The virus affects the immune system, kidney, liver and respiratory system. Under severe conditions, there can be the formation of blood clots that can lead to haemorrhaging and even death.
There is no certain cure of Ebola though vaccinations are being tested to save the mankind. The disease may come and go in most of the cases, but chronic disorders can be fatal. It is advisable that you consult a doctor if you see any of the symptoms.